Dangers of Gastric Bypass Surgery -

Is Gastric Bypass Surgery Safe?

It is important to know the Dangers of Gastric Bypass Surgery before making any decision.
As the obesity issue of today´s world increases from one day to the next, the safety of bariatric surgical procedures is a subject many people are keen to know more about.

Anyone thinking of undertaking gastric bypass surgery needs to be fully aware of the health risks involved prior to going ahead. If you have found yourself reading this article then it is clearly something you are interested in learning about so read on and you will find lots of valuable information.

As with any kind of major surgery, complications may arise which heighten the risks involved, leading to a longer stay in hospital and in some cases mortality may occur.

Of these complications, some are commonly associated with any kind of abdominal surgery whilst others are specifically linked to bariatric surgery. Here are some of the risk factors to be taken into account as far as health complications varying from infections to premature death are concerned following gastric bypass surgery.

  • The patient - what is his/her physical condition and weight?
  • The procedure - how complex is the particular bariatric surgery?
  • The surgeon - how skilled and experienced is the person carrying out the procedure?

Dangers of Gastric Bypass Surgery and Mortality Rates

During the first thirty days after surgery carried out by experienced hands the complication rate ranges from 7% for operations using laparoscopic procedures to 14.5% for open incisions.

For this particular study mortality rates were zero percent for over four hundred laparoscopic cases and 0.6% was recorded in 955 open surgery procedures.

Other study results of a similar nature show similar dangers of Gastric Bypass Surgery. Out of a thousand patients one died within 30 days of surgery taking place and up to three died 90 days later.

Nonetheless, research has revealed that of the greatly obese patients who undergo bypass surgery, their risk of premature death is reduced by almost 90% when compared to likewise obese patients not receiving the surgical treatment.

Serious complications such as DVT (deep venous thrombosis) and gastrointestinal leaks present a combined risk of less than 1% following bariatric surgery whereas complications occurring during the early post-operative period such as deep thrombo-phlebitis, dehiscence, infections, staple breakdown leaks, stomal stenosis and ulcers show themselves at about 10%.

Follow up procedures to put right certain complications like hernias and gallstones which are common following surgery are required for around 10 to 20% of stomach bypass patients and this secondary surgery carries higher health risks.

Life after a Gastric Bypass

This is a subject not often mentioned by the surgeon suggesting a gastric bypass procedure as the way forward. The first few months after the procedure can be extremely difficult and the patient may suffer with depression due to the emotional and physiological impact of the experience which due to the change in the role food plays in their life may take up to three months to overcome.

Muscular weakness, which may cause balance and co-ordination problems, stair climbing and lifting difficulties and a feeling of tiredness a great deal of the time, is the result of the lack of protein in the diet after gastric bypass surgery.

Read here even more about gastric bypass complications.

So Do the Health Risks of Surgery Compare Favorably
to Those of Obesity?

For those patients who have a BMI of 40+ (morbid obesity), 50+ (super-obesity) or 60+ (end stage obesity syndrome) the answer to the above question is a resounding YES. Severe obesity of these kinds is life threatening as well as chronic and the associated health risks are much greater than those of surgery.

When a person is 100% over his or her ideal weight they have a premature mortality rate ten times higher than a person of normal weight and as mentioned earlier, the mortality rate of someone undergoing a gastric bypass procedure is less than 1% in comparison.

In Conclusion

The dangers of gastric bypass surgery and also its benefits as detailed above are well established. However, the patient undergoing treatment will need to have a strong support system in place to help them through the psychological issues of the whole experience and make for a speedy recovery following the operation.



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